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Donors working around the world are concerned about the threat posed by closing space, including intensified threats against freedom of expression and information, and media freedom. This compounds the crisis that the field of journalism – a critical pillar of open, democratic societies – is already facing worldwide. At the same time, the technical and financial barriers to entry into the journalism field have never been lower, and the opportunities to innovate and have impact with journalism have in many ways never been greater. Against this backdrop, the journalism field is increasingly turning to philanthropy for support, including to human rights, social change and transparency donors. This book aims to help funders boost their understanding of the key issues, debates and approaches in funding journalism and media.
Open Society Foundations;
Today, Greece is the European Union member state where journalism and the media face their most acute crisis. This study identifies the urgent problems facing media policy in Greece and how they affect independent journalism.Since the 1980s and '90s, deregulation has increased the viewing choices for audiences in Greece. At the same time, the legal and regulatory framework has helped concentrate ownership of press, television, and radio outlets. Private channels operate with temporary licenses and independent regulatory authorities function superficially and ambivalently. As a result, the market has been dominated by a handful of powerful newspaper interests, which have expanded into audiovisual and online media. Recent laws have further liberalized media ownership and cross-ownership.Media Policy and Independent Journalism in Greece, based partly on in-depth interviews with key actors, explores these issues and more in this six-chapter report.
Open Society Institute;
Outlines the evolution of citizen journalism, its role in international news, relationship to professional journalism, potential for a more democratic practice, risks, and outlook. Calls for a clearer definition and ethical, legal, and business training.
Media Impact Funders;
This booklet is a starter guide for foundations interested in exploring how to make impactful journalism and community-information grants. Foundations do not need to have a formal journalism program to make grants that support healthy news and information flows. Nor does a foundation need large dollar investments to get started. Even a small grant may help citizens in a given community or demographic gain access to credible information that will help them participate in civic life.
John S. and James L. Knight Foundation;
Offers funders guidance on ways to support a robust community information ecosystem, including sponsoring contests or youth projects, developing in-house digital expertise, partnering with local groups, and creating a public interest news organization.
John S. and James L. Knight Foundation;
Outlines a variety of efforts to develop and support journalism, including fellowships, exchanges, training, grants, loans, equipment, infrastructure, staff, and conferences. Includes regional analyses, and lessons learned.
Harvard Kennedy School Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy;
Produced by Media Impact Funders in collaboration with Harvard University's Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, this case study report surfaces pioneering funding practices in journalism. It highlights five foundations and their grantees, and describes the innovative ways in which philanthropic support can revive quality journalism.
Profiles how fourteen nations fund and protect the autonomy of public media via multiyear funding, public-linked funding structures, charters, laws, and agencies or boards designed to limit political influence and ensure spending in the public interest.
Northeastern University's School of Journalism;
The analysis of more than 6,500 grant makers suggests the money they are pumping into journalism-related ventures is neither advancing the media's democratic function nor filling the gap left by rampant newspaper closures.
Many journalism stakeholders have begun looking to philanthropic foundations to help newsrooms find economic sustainability. The rapidly expanding role of foundations as a revenue source for news publishers raises an important question: How do foundations exercise their influence over the newsrooms they fund? Using the hierarchy of influence model, this study utilizes more than 40 interviews with journalists at digitally native nonprofit news organizations and employees from foundations that fund nonprofit journalism to better understand the impact of foundation funding on journalistic practice. Drawing on previous scholarship exploring extra-media influence on the news industry, we argue that the impact of foundations on journalism parallels that of advertisers throughout the 20th century—with one important distinction: Journalism practitioners and researchers have long forbidden the influence from advertisers on editorial decisions, seeing the blurring of the two as inherently unethical. Outside funding from foundations, on the other hand, is often premised on editorial influence, complicating efforts by journalists to maintain the firewall between news revenue and production.
Open Society Institute;
Analyzes how digital media are changing the reporting, composition, and distribution of investigative news; audience expectations; content providers' roles; and the ethical criteria for journalism, from objectivity to transparency about motives.
The scope of the report includes Historic precedents and recent examples of journalism and social movements working in tandem to intervene on injustice; new and developing projects across the country that are breaking down barriers between journalists and the public, encouraging collaboration between newsrooms, and training grassroots journalists; a landscape scan of independent media in the South; analysis of national reporting on the South, funding models to start and sustain journalistic endeavors; and recommendations for launching a Southern People's Media Network to practice "movement journalism" by creating the news media we need, impacting the news media that exists, and strengthening grassroots media infrastructure in the South.